The third edition of the Vocabolario (1691)

The third edition appeared in 1691 and was printed for the first time in Florence (the previous two editions were both printed in Venice).

Dedicated to Cosimo III de’ Medici, this third edition represented, from several points of view, a work that had not only grown in size (from one to three volumes) but also in quality: it took a long time to compile (the works began in 1648) and even men of science like Redi and Magalotti were involved in its compilation; Leopoldo de’ Medici, founder of the Accademia del Cimento and protector of the Accademia della Crusca, made his own personal contribution collecting technical terms from the arts and crafts which made their first tentative appearance in the Vocabolario, along with abstract verbs, diminutives, superlatives and augmentatives.

For this edition some fifty ancient authors and an equal number of modern authors were analysed: amongst them Tasso, Segneri, and Pallavicino, quoted whenever ancient documentary evidence was missing, or when it was necessary to demonstrate that a certain word was effectively in use.

During the preparatory works for the third edition, Dati started another project that didn't however come to fruition: an Italian etymological dictionary. He prepared a lot of material for this project with the help of Redi, but its completion was preempted by the publication, between 1666 and 1669, of the Origini della lingua italiana ('Origins of the Italian language'), by the Frenchman Gilles Ménage.

Dati's project was planned as part of the Accademia's program of creating new linguistic tools with a distinctive Florentine orientation, but when it became evident that this work was going to fail, the majority of the material collected was sent to Paris and so Ménage was assisted by an important Italian contribution: he got, among other things, all the etymologies prepared by Redi that were related, primarily, to the terminology of doctors and chemists, which had been the specific interest and specialism of the author.


Protocollo di intesa Accademia della Crusca / Ufficio Scolastico Regionale della Toscana / Società Dante Alighieri

L'Accademia della Crusca e la questione del genere nella lingua

Le iniziative dell'Accademia per il 2021, anno dantesco

Agenda eventi

  Evento di Crusca

  Collaborazione di Crusca

  Evento esterno


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Notizie dall'Accademia

Visita straordinaria di domenica 23 giugno 2024

05 giu 2024

Italiano e inglese nei corsi universitari: la lettera aperta del Presidente dell'Accademia al Rettore dell’Alma Mater Studiorum e alla Ministra dell’Università

23 feb 2024

Giornata Internazionale della lingua madre: il contributo video del presidente dell'Accademia Paolo D'Achille

21 feb 2024

"Sao ko kelle terre... Piccola storia della lingua italiana": la Compagnia delle Seggiole in scena alla Villa medicea di Castello con uno spettacolo dedicato alla storia dell'italiano

25 gen 2024

Il restauro degli infissi dell'Accademia per il concorso Art Bonus 2024

25 gen 2024

Scomparso l'Accademico Angelo Stella

15 dic 2023

Corso di formazione per insegnanti Le parole dell’italiano: idee e pratiche efficaci per insegnare e apprendere il lessico

15 nov 2023

25 ottobre 2023: il Collegio della Crusca nomina 10 nuovi accademici

27 ott 2023

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