In both Italy and worldwide, the Accademia della Crusca is among the leading institutions in the field of research on the Italian language. At present its activity is centered on the following:
The Accademia della Crusca - literally 'the Bran Academy' - was founded in Florence between 1582 and 1583 on the initiative of five Florentine men of letters. One of them was Lionardo Salviati, inventor of a complete cultural and language-coding programme. The name "Accademia della Crusca" was derived from their lively meetings, playfully called "cruscate" ('bran-meetings'), and came to signify the work of 'cleaning up' the language (the bran is the part of the wheat that is discarded when the grain is cleaned up). The newly founded institution adopted as its motto a line from a poem by Francesco Petrarca: "il più bel fior ne coglie" ('she picks the fairest flower') and built up a rich symbology based on wheat and bread.
From the beginning the Accademia welcomed Italian and foreign scholars of various fields of interest: besides grammaticians and philologists, writers and poets (Tassoni, Maffei, Maggi, Monti, Leopardi, Manzoni, Carducci, ecc.), scientists (Galilei, Redi, Torricelli, Malpighi), historians (Muratori, Botta, Capponi), philosophers, (Voltaire, Rosmini), jurists and statesmen (Witte, Gladstone).
The main accomplishment of the Accademia, the Vocabolario (i.e. Dictionary, dated 1612, reprinted and enlarged several times until 1923), though subject to criticism for the limits it imposed on living linguistic usage, has made an exceptional contribution to the identification and diffusion of the Italian language and has served as an example for the great dictionaries of French, Spanish, German and English.
The new Vocabolario project, developed and started by the Accademia between 1955 and 1985, has the sole purpose of carrying out historical documentation and is one of the major lexicographic enterprises in Europe. The project is now the work of the Opera del Vocabolario Italiano, an Institute of the CNR (Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche i.e. 'National Council for Research'), affiliated to the Accademia and directed by Pietro G. Beltrami. The current director of the OVI is Lino Leonardi.
Lunedì 1 giugno la Biblioteca e gli uffici dell'Accademia resteranno chiusi.Avviso dalla biblioteca
La Biblioteca dell'Accademia sarà di nuovo aperta a partire dal 20 maggio 2020. Pubblichiamo il vademecum per l'accesso agli utenti.Avviso da Crusca
Dal 20 maggio 2020 l'Accademia sarà di nuovo aperta: pubblichiamo il vademecum per l'accesso.Avviso da Crusca
di Rita Librandi, Claudio Giovanardi, Francesco Sabatini. Il commento di chiusura è disponibile nella sezione "Il Tema".
Il nuovo comunicato del gruppo Incipit è disponibile nella sezione "Comunicati stampa".Avviso dalla biblioteca
La Biblioteca accetta in dono unicamente opere attinenti ai propri ambiti disciplinari.
Le opere inviate non saranno comunque restituite al donatore.